who was Philo Farnsworth and as "innovators" why y


amazing, he was the inventor of the electronic TV, oh I know its not important after all it was just one of the biggest breakthroughs in entertaiment, marketing and communication.

Is he still alive? or he already died poor?

died broke in the 70’s

the father of television is Philo T. Farnsworth. Farnsworth was born Aug. 19, 1906 in a log cabin in Beaver, UT. His family moved to a ranch in Idaho and during his youth he became interested in electricity through a farm lighting system and electric machinery. He was a voracious reader of scientific literature and read about a thing called television. He was also intensely interested in the properties of the electron. At the age of fourteen Farnsworth saw the idea for electronic television in the parallel lines of his father’s potato field. He began brainstorming the notion that images could be scanned line by line using electrons to project the image onto a photosensitive surface.

It was years later that he was able to fulfill his dream. While applying for a job in Salt Lake City he met Leslie Gorrell and George Everson of San Francisco and after learning about television from Farnsworth they agreed to finance the idea. A laboratory was set up in Los Angeles and in Oct. 1926 with additional financial assistance they established Crocker Research Facilities in San Francisco. Farnsworth applied for his two basic patents, one for the electronic television camera and one for a compatible reception set. His secret was reported by the Chronicle and picked up by wire services around the world.

David Sarnoff head of RCA at the time was very interested in television. Sarnoff had a strangle-hold on every facet of radio, from the initial patents to the the distribution of programming. In 1930 the Department of Justice charged RCA with using its patent portfolio to restrain competition. Further investigation led to the formation of the FCC. During the 1920s radio grew from a few thousand hobbyists to a regular fixture in most homes. To get a closer look at what Farnsworth had, Sarnoff secretly hired Vladimir Zworykin from Westinghouse to pay Farnsworth a visit. Farnsworth welcomed the visit since he hoped that Westinghouse might license his patents. Zworykin returned to RCA and began trying to reverse engineer what he had seen at Farnsworth’s lab. Zworykin had filed for a theoretical patent on television but had no working model. After a year and a $100,000 grant from Sarnoff he still had no working model.

Sarnoff decided to pay Farnsworth a visit himself. Farnsworth was away on business but one of his financial backers, George Everson, agreed to show him around. Sarnoff left with the idea that he could build TV without infringing on Farnsworth’s patents but to no avail. Sarnoff offered to buy Farnsworth out for $100,000 but the offer was rejected and considered an insult by Farnsworth’s backers even though they were anxious to sell because of the Depression. Farnsworth’s rejection brought out the full fury of Sarnoff and he decided to break Farnsworth in patent court. Sarnoff and his team of lawyers started a legal offense with the objective of turning Farnsworth’s patents over on appeal. RCA had used this tactic successfully in the past with anyone who developed key radio inventions but refused to deal with them. The legal battle lasted nearly four years and it was another ten months before court examiners came up with a ruling. Farnsworth was the undisputed Inventor of television as we know it today.

Sarnoff may have lost the battle but he intended to win the war. He gathered the top scientists from RCA, Westinghouse, GE, and Victor Talking Machines and by the late 1930s he had an advanced working television system and had never paid Farnsworth a thing in licensing fees. He secured the rights to broadcast the opening ceremony of the 1939 World’s Fair and introduced television to millions as a product of RCA. Farnsworth could have sued him but was still hoping to license the rights for producing television to RCA. He ended up selling them a license for $1 million. Farnsworth ended up having a nervous breakdown after years of severe stress. He was hospitalized and bedridden during the early part of WWII. Television was put on hold as the government banned all nonmilitary electronics manufacturing.

After the war Farnsworth moved his family to Fort Wayne, IN where they began to manufacture television sets. It was too late for Farnsworth as his key patents expired in 1947, just a few months before the sale of television sets went through the roof. RCA captured 80 percent of the market while Farnworth was forced to sell his assets to ITT. Farnsworth and Sarnoff both died in 1971. Farnsworth was 64, mostly unknown, broke, and severely depressed. Sarnoff was 80, well known and considered a pioneer and a visionary. While watching the moon landing with his wife Pem in 1969 Farnsworth commented that this made it all worthwhile.

you getting paid by google to put up random info for people to search for?

:smiley: LOL

NO, but as product designers I made the incorrect assumption that the history of major products and markets might be of intrest. Its ok, go back to pixie dust, tailfins and salt shakers.

I think a lot of people here are interested in history of objects.
Instead of inviting a discussion, “I read blah blah, it’s fascinating, do you folks know about anything similar and/or fascinating in this blah blah area?” this post came off both as quizzing ( no gold stars for core crowd today) and condescending. The same is with Tesla and Katz deal.

Thanks for the info about Farnsworth, btw.

The condensending note you detetected was a direct result of lack of intrest, not even a copper star for most of the folks here.

I think the lack of interest might be a direct correlation to the way it was presented zippy. Food for thought.

Its still relevant stuff for us IDers to know. here’s something I just have to add to the Farnsworth facts. Kids in the UK learn that the inventor of the TV was John Logie Baird, who is almost unheard of in the US, so lets put a few things straight:

John Logie Baird (a Scottish engineer) achieved his first transmissions as early as 1924. In 1925 Baird held his first public demonstration of ‘television’ in London, and in 1927 he transmitted moving images from London to Glasgow. In 1928 did the first transatlantic transmission (the first British Invasion?) and later the same year Baird demonstrated the first color transmission.

That was however using part mechanically-based technology, and Farnsworth’s invention was entirely electronic (which in turn lead to today’s technology). Farnsworth’s invention wasn’t perfected for demonstration to the public until 1934, six years after Baird’s color transmission!

For more facts,History of television - Wikipedia

or maybe the lack of interest is because its not very interesting.

your post is just a name in the title. not very engaging, not related to anything, not intriguing or interesting.

the history may be interesting, but the post is not.

Intersting, thanks for the heads up, how did he fair later on?

Oh good try, next time i will try to grab your attention with shapes, colors, motion…works for infants.

Interesting, thanks for the heads up, how did he fair later on?

Dunno. He was involved in all sorts so he must have had some funding somewhere. The BBC took on his system for a short time, so I was assume there was some payment involved (the guy was Scottish after all).

He also developed a video recording device (1928), fibre-optics, infra-red night viewing (probably a hobby) and helped in the development of Radar.
It would be nice to have whoppers like that in your portfolio.

As it happens, zippyflounder, it was his use of shapes, colors, and motion that made his presentations stand out …

I did not know the name or the story. It is surprising how many innovations follow this story line.

Yup sad but true, for the most part any disruptive technology is not well greeted by existing companies and so that means that the statups take it on. Startups suffer from the dual problems of under capitlisation and generaly inexperianced managment, so the failure rate is very high. The biggs tend to go and suck up the tech from the corpses of the starups and sometimes move them to market. The story of Sony is a rare one, but they did have after a bit backing of the Japanese gov.