I have one of those weird projects that falls between the cracks of corporate heirarchy. I have some samples of a product and I need to determine if they HMWPE or UHMWPE as there is a big difference in price and I don’t want a factory to take advantage of us.
I looked up density, but there is a small difference: .92 g/cm^3 in UHMW and .94 g/cm^3 in HMW. I’m not sure if I would be able to measure that with out some precise machines that I don’t have.
I know there is a big difference in impact resistance, but I don’t know how to test this cheaply and reliably.
Is there some way I can test this without going to a lab outside?
It has been a while since I played with PE so please verify any information here before going out to break anything.
HDPE is a little bit stiffer than UHMW (the modulus of UMW is about 60%-80% that of HDPE). If you have similarly shaped sections you can perform a simple beam test. Create two spans and load them with weight identically. Measure the deflection and UHMW is likely the one that sags more.
Otherwise you can test impact samples at decreased temperatures. HDPE will shatter at say -60°C while UHMW will not.
.92 g/cm^3 is a small weight. So scale the mass up to, say, 50 cm^. Easier to measure.
Assuming of course that you can acquire a solid block of material, the problem with measuring the weight and calculating the density is that if fillers are present it will throw off the “real” density (with regard to trying to determine which PE it actually is). If your sample is flat, un-calendered sheet stock you could calculate the volume and cut to size.
I take it you don’t trust the vendor you’re dealing with?
We injected test samples of a snowboard binding baseplate in LDPE HDPE and UHMWPE. The UHWM version had a very different character and test result when we pulled the screws through the baseplate. Once we had the two samples it was easy to know which one was which.
That’s what I mean… if they gave you a sample and a price that they say is UHWM, the next sample in HDPE SHOULD be cheaper and test differently. This way you will find 1) If the supplier tried to cheat you; 2) If you really need the better material
Also test against a competitor or some completely other product that you KNOW is UHMP and compare results. Hardness tests, burning it with a lighter and looking at smoke color and smell, scratch tests…
But yeah… if I were in your spot I’d probably just pitch for lab-money, esp if it’s not my project/budget. But make sure what the lab will be able to tell you. It could be “Yeah it’s some sort of PE” “Yeah, Thanks.” I’ve been through that, only with PU.
This was back at the dawn of the sport. We used UHMW material, the force required to pull the screws through the baseplate was about twice as high, and it kept the shape, the LDPE and HDPE versions distorted and stretched and stayed that way after testing. The difference was night and day. This was the last time I used PE as a baseplate material, usage demands got higher and everything moved to GF nylon or PC.
PE is used on all snowboard and ski bases, best all-around friction and maintenance characteristic. The factories make large sintered “pucks” of the stuff in massive hydraulic presses which cool for days before getting skived off like veneer. The highest molecular weights cannot be extruded or melted, they break the chains down, so they have to be sintered. The plates used on docks for wear against boats are made in a similar ways.
The “fastest” material was called Electra, it was loaded with so much carbon that it became electrically conductive, reducing the static electricity of very cold snow that could cause a ski to stick and slow down. Except that it was expensive, and only one company, IMS in Switzerland made it. They made only a limited amount of it a year. Yet somehow the biggest snowboard companies claimed it on all of their production, because black plastic is hard to differentiate. IMS went so far as to make an electrical tester to demonstrate genuine product. They came to the conclusion that it was a overall win to have everyone claiming to use their material as opposed to outing everyone as ahem liars, and did not push the point.